Lung Transplant Professional Capstone Project

Date: Feb 4, 2019

Introduction

The essence of the capstone project to undertake an institution-wide appraisal of practices, methods and approaches to the process of lung transplant is to make recommendations for the program. The increasing number of cases of lung complication, lung failure and related pulmonary cases have become a significant aspect of emergency responses within hospitals over the recent years. In this regard, treating lung transplant process as a part of emergency response medication and facilitating medical institutions in the same light is crucial. Traditional approaches to surgical processes have been done on the basis of systematic procedures. However, new research proves the necessity of undertaking surgical operations as an experimental process. The new approaches need to be disseminated rapidly as well as the practitioners adequately trained to make the gains necessary with every experimental procedure.

Within the operations of the hospitals, it is noted that the delay in responses by doctors ends up compounding several delays with the effect of increased risk to patients, low productivity of surgical teams and reduced rates of patient turn-over within the surgical sections of the hospitals. There is a general agreement that systematic management of doctors and support teams through automated signaling and call centers would help enhance the overall alertness and reduce response time.

Problems of Graft Dysfunction

The mechanism of lung transplant usually encounters problems of graft dysfunction. The severity of dysfunction problem is a cause for concern because the rate is escalating and the degree of preparedness for post transplant patients care is paltry. It is noted that the effectiveness of the entire process of lung transplant is determined by the pre-transplant and post-transplant care. In this regard, both the technologies for post-transplant care and pre-transplant care must be developed by the institutions to cater for increasing patients’ turnover capacity.

An important determinant of the success rate of the transplant process is the matching of recipients and patients. Those recipients who get effectively matched organs show a rapid process of graft assimilation and recovery. Nonetheless, the recipients who develop complications are often found to have benefitted for non-matched donors. In addition, it is useful to have medical practitioners briefed on the new methodologies and mechanism for the facilitation of the lung transplant process.

Analysis by Dilling & Glanville

In the exhaustive analysis, carried out by Dilling & Glanville (2011), there are numerous approaches and technologies that need to be considered for public practice in the procedures of lung transplant. The authors have documented an exhaustive development in the practices and methods deployed during lung transplant. They, however, account that success of institutions to perform lung transplant depends heavily on human factors and not exclusively on methodologies or technologies. Nevertheless, technologies that are more effective and precise need to be rapidly developed to cater for the growing rate of cases.

Analysis by Verleden & Fisher

According to Verleden & Fisher (2011), the connection between escalating lung transplant cases and lung cancer needs to be investigated. Lung failure which is the leading cause of lung transplant is often associated with cancer of the lungs. There are other causes of lung failure but the pronounced incidence of cancer is the main cause of the current surge in statistics.

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The preparation of patients for the transplant exercise is another process through which more dangers can be eliminated. The process of preparing patients for transplant must exhaustively investigate the conditions of the patient. Patients with recorded heart malfunction will certainly incur complications in the post-transplant phase. It is therefore noted that an adequate care needs to be exercised to mitigate every sign of complications (Smith et al., 2009; Verleden & Fisher, 2011). Sepsis in the pulmonary region due to the surgery must be monitored effectively and prevented. Various agents could cause the onset of the sepsis as a result of inhalation and overall lung ventilation. However, the rates of post-transplant complications are minimal.

Analysis by Osiro

According to Osiro et al. (2012), various technologies can be adapted during surgical interventions in the aid of the lung transplant process. These technologies for the support of circulatory process and blood oxygenation need great precision. The common human errors during operations mostly occur with the mechanism of adapting various technologies. Nonetheless, the survival rate and excellent transplant mechanism ranges at over 95% of the cases for average medical institutions across the United States. In addition, according to Pappas et al. (2010), there is a tendency of lung transplant patients to be predisposed to fungal and bacterial infections. The high predisposition should be treated as a critical aspect of the operation mechanism. In this regard, effective treatment and disinfection of the process must be considered as a priority.

Conclusion

The methods and mechanisms of lung transplant within hospitals need to be programmed as an emergency in regions where the cases of lung failure are rapidly escalating. The profile of various reviews has the view that facilitation as well as the deployment of rapid response by practitioners is the way forward. Internal operations, the retraining of medical practitioners in the light of escalating cases is recommended. Moreover, the medical fraternity needs to take an extra caution with lung cancer which is the main cause of lung failure. In public health institutions, greater care must be taken to reduce the incidences of lung cancer which is a rapidly growing pandemic.

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