Male Sports Dominate Female Sports
The state of the female sports in the US has transformed dramatically since 1972, primarily because of Title IX amendments, which prohibit discrimination in public education and other programs receiving government assistance. The amendment assists to increase the participation of girls in sports (Dietz-Uhler, Harrick End and Jacquemotte 12). Regardless of the introduction of Title IX, there is still a significant difference between the number of males and females participating in sports. According to Dworkin and Messner (33), one factor contributing to this difference is the lack of female coaches. Since girls frequently express their interest in social and emotional issues than in athletics having a female coach, who shows them how to play and acts as mentor or role model, is vital. The level of attention paid to male sports, in comparison to that paid to female sports is an issue of concern. Female and male athletes often inject the same amount of hard work and efforts into the sport they practice. Regardless of the putting forth the same amount of energy and hard work, male athletes still dominate the limelight. In this regard, this paper argues that male sports dominate female sports.
Despite disagreeing with the opponents who hold that female sports dominate, there are certain points that warrant their claims. Most athletes experience the same routines. They train, eat healthy foods, constantly travel, and perform in the sport they play (Jones and Greer 25). For instance, in the collegiate sports, they do all this while maintaining both social work and schoolwork. All sportspersons show their commitment and dedication to their sports irrespective of their gender. Surprisingly, male sports receive more attention than female sports despite the fact that all the athletes go through the same process and, in certain instances, play the same sports (Washington and Karen 25). The arguments, however, indicate that male athletes are obviously better than female athletes are. Suter and Toller (25), the controversial author and editor respectively, state that baseball, football and other masculine sports in the United States are not sports, but a culture, which provides a pre-civil rights universe where men, as coaches, umpires and owners, still rule. In these masculine or manly sports, men learn to talk and think about women in disdain. It is a popular practice for some boys to be rubbished as weak or ineffectual people, especially if they are not brutal or tough enough or not willing to deny their own pain, as well as the pain of others. According to Suter and Toller (45), every time a male environment is immersed in sexism, these attitudes gradually hurt women, whether physically or verbally. In addition, Suter and Toller (46) point out that sports have been often described as male, similar to math, Congress and physics. Similarly, every time women enter a field that was previously male dominated, it threatens the self-confidence of men. If a woman can do it, what are the implications to manliness? The argument made by Suter and Toller (56) here is very robust and accurate. Female sports have been frequently snubbed because the human history and culture are opposed to just a game. It essentially offers male sports with much more power and significance increasing male domination.
According to the recent relative preliminary research findings by the Open Water Source, women seem to compete very well with men and, most of the time, perform better than they do in open water swimming (Dietz-Uhler, Harrick End and Jacquemotte 56).The Open Water Source study indicates that males do not dominate in all sports, and there are exceptional sports in which females dominate. It establishes a common ground that both male and female athletes are equally dominant in athletics. Men can dominate in sports that require strength, but they cannot dominate in sports that require multitasking, agility or intense pain. For instance, the total number of men competing in triathlons and open water swims is less than that of women since the sport requires endurance (Dietz-Uhler, Harrick, End and Jacquemotte 32). Stereotypes and science claim that men are frequently stronger and faster than women. Nevertheless, female biology outdoes the male qualities in certain sports, especially those that require critical thinking (Dworkin and Messner 45) because females are perfect in multitasking and seem to be more flexible and detail oriented. They dominate in martial arts, including Taekwondo and Karate.
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Both the opponents and proponents of the fact that males dominate in sports agree that the body is a process and not a thing. The body, whether male or female, constantly changes as human perceptions of it change. The competitive performance promotes the changes in relation to oxygen uptake and muscular strength, whereas dietary and climatic changes induce bodily changes to both male and female athletes. In human’s particular culture, and at a given stage in history, one can comprehend women and their correlation with men in one way or another. In another time and place, this correlation might be comprehended quite differently. As a result, Jones and Greer (25) take common ground by claiming that it is a matter of agreement that sports are organized as female and male events, just as it is a convention to award Oscars for the best actor or actress.
An argument that males are better than females at playing sports appears to make sense. It can be witnessed through anecdotal evidence such as the ability of men to manage female student teams (Washington and Karen 88). Most of the times, researchers have affirmed that women seem to express more reservations concerning playing because they feel they are not good enough. It can also be witnessed simply in the manner in which female and male bodies differ. In general, men are stronger and taller than women, though there are exceptional situations where a woman might be stronger than a man is. According to Jones and Greer (25), it can be explained by the fact that men have testosterone, muscles, and gland secretions in their upper bodies, rather than fat deposits. If an individual appreciates that, it becomes easy to conclude that males are better at sports than girls are despite the common ground that they receive similar instructions and training and inject hard work. People normally see this characteristics as intrinsic traits associated to genetics.
Men continue dominating most athletics in which raw strength is frequently paramount (Jones and Greer 25). For instance, there are no NCAA women’s wrestling teams or football. At the professional level, men’s football is a booming business, whereas women’s professional football leagues have little success. It is not surprising because females lack testosterone to build muscles similar to those of males. Testosterone enables men to develop larger skeletal muscles as well as larger hearts. Biologically, testosterone also increases the production of red blood cells that absorb oxygen and, therefore, giving male athletes greater aerobic advantage (Dworkin and Messner 58).
Another reason why males dominate sports is that sports were designed for men and to be played by men (Dworkin and Messner 25). Currently, sports can be classified as male sports or female sports or transgender. Football, basketball, lacrosse, hockey, tennis, NASCAR, poker and baseball among others were created during a period when women were expected to stay at home, taking care of children while men were out there looking for means of providing for the family. As a result, the developers of these sports, instead of determining the winner of a contest by skills in which women excel such as agility, flexibility, nimbleness, teamwork, and intense pain threshold determined winners based on those qualities women did not have (Jones and Greer 58). What would happen if the person who invented basketball made height of baskets be 8 feet instead of 10 feet? In this alternate reality, one’s favorite team would be made of various players.
Another reason why male sports dominate is that male fantasies no longer need women (Dworkin and Messner 25). Any typical male sports fan will talk of the prominent male athletics when asked about their fantasy life. According to Dworkin and Messner (25), until someone finds a way of efficiently marketing women’s fantasy leagues to a market that is already saturated with male fantasies, female sports will not capture the hearts of male fans.
The motivation for individuals to take part in sports is frequently different for female and male athletes. The distinctions that have been identified in athletes entering sports in adolescence are reinforced through the early adult years (Dworkin and Messner 25). According to Dworkin and Messner (56), the competitive motives for participating in sports are paramount for the young males. Male athletes value sports for its intrinsic challenge and equate the enjoyment of the activity with their personal ability. On the other hand, female athletes frequently focus on the social aspects being dedicated to the technical success in sports. Academic studies have established that females seem to have low levels of self-confidence concerning their athletic participation in comparison to male athletes (Jones and Greer 25). Female athletes frequently place emphasis on the collateral benefits of sport such as identification with the team and friendship.
Sports journalism has also contributed significantly to male dominance in sports. According to Dworkin and Messner (67), unfortunately, sports journalism still views sports as a “man’s world.” This perception by the media deters women from pursuing careers as editors, sportswriters, announcers, and commentators. Suter and Toller (56) also state that appearance frequently overshadows female athleticism. As male athletes receive the attention of the media for fitness, female athletes receive attention for fashion. For instance, Venus Williams outfit consumed the headline when she put on a glittery attire. The media sidelined her several years of professional tennis career, therefore, overshadowing her singles titles, doubles titles and Olympic gold medals. For female sportswriters, stereotypes frequently eclipse and trivialize their achievements. Unfortunately, the society unfairly presumes that women lack sports shrewdness, which cues flippancy towards their contribution (Dietz-Uhler, Harrick and End).
It has been indicated that, despite males and females putting forth same amount of effort and hard work towards the sports they play, male and female sports do not have equal domination. Certain innate beliefs prove to be very hard to break. It is a delightful thought that, one day, there will be equal dominance for both male and female sports, though the reality is that human society is not willing to surrender the sacrosanctity of women. Although this paper has discussed various perspectives on gender inequalities in sports, it is significant to note that there are a relatively small number of women taking interest in it and actually choosing to play in the male dominated sports. The society focuses on having a ‘perfect body’ that has been a driving force for women to participate in tougher and essentially male-dominated sports. Frequently, there are easy ways of breaking into one of the sports if it is desirable. Young females are welcomed to participate in sports requiring strengths just as young males are. Teams can be frequently coed in order to give both males and females the same opportunities to learn, play and develop the love for the sport. It is also natural that as young females grow into women, their interest might change because their bodies start to change and become more feminine. However, this should not be the reason for the gender inequalities in sports. Females that truly develop the love for the sport will proceed with the sport, and might eventually face gender disparities that this paper discusses. Knowing that gender disparities exist in sports will assist females prepare for the pressure linked to engaging in sports. Then, maybe, women with a similar level of skills as men and who are physically and mentally capable of competing might experience equality in the sport.